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Borobudur was built by using the + / - 55,000 m3 of rock. Height of this building until the summit is 42m, with a base width of 123 m. Upright and sturdy tower and is a part of history that has lived 12 centuries. Age determination carried out with due regard to the basic style of building temples and carving-style carvings that show middle of the 8th century AD Java. Since built in the 8th century, the history borobudur arise drowned. Once completed, the research center and Borobudur pemngembangan Buddhist religion. The followers of this religion, visit the Borobudur Buddhist religion to study. The entire series of reliefs of Borobudur contains the teachings of the Buddhist religion. At that time the building became the center of attention Borobudur and revered as a sacred building. Borobudur has the basic structure punden staircase, with six floors of a square, three circular courtyard and a main stupa as a peak. Also scattered in all pelatarannya several stupas. Ten yard owned Borobudur clearly illustrates the school of Mahayana philosophy. Like a book, Borobudur describes ten levels of Bodhisattva must pass to reach the perfection of the Buddha. The foot of Borobudur represents Kamadhatu, the world is still dominated by kama, or "low desire". This section is mostly covered by a pile of stone that allegedly made to strengthen the construction of the temple. At the closed part of this additional structure there are 120 panels Kammawibhangga story. Some small additional structure was set aside so people can still see the relief in this section. Four floors with walls berelief on it by the experts called Rupadhatu. The floor is rectangular. Rupadhatu is a world that has been able to break free from lust, but is still bound by the appearance and shape. This level represents the nature of that is, between the bottom and the nature of nature. In part this Rupadhatu statues of Buddha found in the recesses of the wall above ballustrade or breezeway.
Starting the fifth to the seventh floor walls are not berelief. This level is called Arupadhatu (which means no tangible form or not). Circular floor plan. This level represents the nature of, where people are free from all desires and bond forms and shapes, but have not reached nirvana. Buddha statues are placed inside the stupa is covered with holes as in the cage. From outside the statues that still seems vague. The highest level that describes the lack of being represented in the form of the largest and highest stupa. Stupa depicted plain without holes. Within the biggest stupa of the Buddha statue was ever found an imperfect or unfinished also called Buddha, who disalahsangkakan as Adibuddha statue, but through further research there has never been a statue at the main stupa, which is not finished sculpture was a mistake pemahatnya in ancient times. according to the belief that the statue was wrong in the manufacturing process should not be tampered with. Archaeological excavations carried out in the courtyard of the temple was found a lot of statues like this. In the past, several statues of Buddha along with 30 stones with reliefs, two statues of lions, some kala-shaped stone, stairs and gates are sent to the King of Thailand, Chulalongkorn, who visited the Dutch East Indies (now Indonesia) in 1896 as a gift from the Dutch Government as it. Borobudur has no spaces worship like other temples. That there are long hallways which is a narrow road. The hallways surrounding the walled temple level by level. In the halls of the Buddhist is expected to perform the ceremony walk around the temple to the right. Shape of the building without room and terraced structure is alleged is the development of form punden staircase, which is a form of architecture from prehistoric native Indonesia. Borobudur structure when viewed from above form the structure of the Mandala. Borobudur structure does not use cement at all, but the Interlock system is like Lego blocks that can be attached without glue. Buddha statue in the recesses at the level Rupadhatu, arranged by row on the outside of the balustrade. Dwindling at the top. Balustrade of the first row consists of 104 niches, recesses 104 second row, third row recesses 88, fourth 72 recesses, and the fifth line 64 niches. Total there are 432 Buddha statues at Rupadhatu. In the Arupadhatu (three circular courtyard), statues of Buddha placed in stupas berterawang (perforated). At first there is a circular platform 32 stupas, the second court of the 24 stupas, and the third courtyard there are 16 stupas, all of them a total of 72 stupas. Of the original number of 504 Buddha statues, over 300 have been damaged (mostly headless) and 43 missing (since the discovery of this monument, head of the buddha is often stolen as collectibles, mostly by foreign museums). On the face of all this buddha statues look similar, but there are subtle differences between, namely the attitude of mudras or hand positions. There are five categories mudra: North, East, South, West, and Central, all based on five main direction of the compass according to the teachings of Mahayana. Fourth balustrade has four mudras: North, East, South, and West, where each of the buddha statues facing the direction of a typical display mudra. Buddha statues on the balustrade of the fifth and the buddha statues inside the 72 stupas in the court above berterawang showing mudra: Middle or Center. Each mudra symbolize the five Dhyani Buddhas, each with its own symbolic meaning. 


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